What is a Chemical Peel?

We have made amazing strides within the Health and Skin Care industry, from Cleopatras milk bath and the Roman elite who bathed in wine. Treatment of all different skin types has evolved to such a great extent and different modalities are put in place to manage, care, and treat skin safely and effectively. A chemical peel is a skin rejuvenation and resurfacing treatment where a chemical solution with varying depths and strength is selected according to desired result. This chemical solution is applied onto the skin to target various skin conditions and concerns like post acne scarring, wrinkles and pigmentation. A Chemical peel is applied on the epidermis and creates a controlled wounding of the skin. Several, damaged skin layers are removed which triggers the body’s natural healing process by replenishing the skins collagen, elastin including fibroblasts, which in turn assists with desquamating the skin leaving a bright and youthful appearance.

How does it Work?

Dermaceutic Laboratories cites that extensive knowledge and understanding of the skin and its layers enforces better preparation, handling of the skin. The skin is made up of three layers where the point of focus will be the Epidermis and Dermis according to the scope of practice for the Therapist or Aesthetician. The skin is made up of complex networks which provide different functions like insulation and protection. Variations in the appearance of skins thickness are in accordance with race, gender and age. Skin pigmentation differs amongst populations and skin types can range from dry to oily. The melanocytes which primarily produce pigment, namely melanin (Marieb).

Chemical Peel Indications:

  • Fine lines and wrinkles.
  • Certain types of acne scars.
  • Mild scars i.e., hypertrophic scars.
  • Pigmentation and sun damage.
  • Overall improvement of skin.

Client Assessment Plan

Prior to client deciding to book a session with the therapist. Extensive consultation is conducted to determine these important factors:

  • Skin type- coarse/dry/reactive.
  • Phototype (Fitzpatrick scale).
  • Skin concerns- pigment/aging/scarring.
  • Management of treatment expectation.

    Types of Chemical Peels

    Experts in Aesthetic Dermatology classify the types of peel under the following:
    • AHA/ BHA (Metabolic)
      • Glycolic
      • Lactic
      • Mandelic
      • Salicylic
      • Malic
      • Citric
    • TCA (Caustic)
      • Layer dependent (stronger)
    • Phenol (Enzymatic)
      • Higher Ph
      • Medical grade

    Final Thoughts

    • Consultation process is vital
    • Skin preparation pre peel and post peel
    • Professional and recognized peel
    • Treatment protocol
    • Peels can be combined with other Aesthetic treatment
    • Homecare is important
    • Appropriate professional salon range
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